It is beneficial to include additional information in a model that describes the model creation
process or that gives biological information about the individual model elements. Especially when you get a model
from someone or load some published model from the authors Website or some model repository, this information
In order to standardize the process of model annotation, the MIRIAM (Minimal Information Requested in the Annotation of biochemical Models)
been developed. These guidelines specify what information is needed to create properly
annotated models that are suitable for publication.
Current versions of COPASI allow the user to annotate the model and all model elements according to the MIRIAM
guidelines. For this, the model widget, as well as the widgets for the compartment, the species, the reaction and
the global quantities have two additional tabs at the top of the widgets. One tab is called Annotation the other tab
is called RDF Browser.
Annotation Widget with Annotation from Model 123 from biomodels.net Database
Before you use the annotation feature for the first time, you have to update the MIRIAM annotation that COPASI uses
to create the list of resources that can be associated with an element. You update the list by pressing the the
update MIRIAM button in the toolbar. Pressing this button triggers the download of the MIRIAM resources from the
internet, so this will only work if you are connected to the internet (once this is done, you should restart
COPASI (as well as SBML) use RDF (Ressource Description Framework) to store the annotation in the model file. To
view the resulting RDF tree, you can select the RDF Browser tab. This is purely for displaying and not for editing.
You will probably not look at this information very often.
If you select the Annotation tab, the same annotation is presented in a more user friendly way. There are different
pieces of information that can be given for a certain model element, e.g. the author you added the element or
created the model or for species some biological information to the identity of the species.
Each piece of information is stored as a triplet that is composed of the relationship, the resource for that
relationship and the corresponding id. The relationship can be chosen from a limited set of relationships. The same
goes for the resource. E.g. if you want to specify that species A in the model corresponds to ATP, the relationship
would be set to is
and the resource could for example be the ChEBI (Chemical Entities of Biological Interest)
The id would then be the ChEBI identifier for ATP, which is CHEBI:A15422
The COPASI GUI allows the user to store more information than the MIRIAM guidelines for SBML allow, so if you export
your model to SBML after annotating it, some information might not be available for other SBML tools.
There is also a page
on the COPASI Website that
has some more technical details about the way annotations are stored in COPASI.